6. David, The King (1 Samuel 16:1-13; 2 Samuel 2:1-4; 5:1-5; Revelation 7:12-16; 19:11-16)




Can You See Him Series
  • The son trudges uphill, bearing wood for his own sacrifice; his father has decided to give him up to death. What biblical event does this bring to mind? Is it Abraham and Isaac in Genesis 22, or Christ’s passion in the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John? The kinship between these two stories is deeper than mere coincidence. Christ is present in the story of Abraham and Isaac. In fact, He is present on every page of the Old Testament. Can You See Him?
Sermon Preparation Guide
  • Importance - What are the central ideas of this text?
    • God accomplishes His sovereign purposes through His chosen vessels. – Acts 2:22-24; 3:18
    • God established His kingdom through His chosen king. – I Samuel 16:1; Acts 2:29-36; 3:20 & 21; I Peter 1:20
    • God’s kingdom in Jesus is here and now and is forever. – Matthew 12:28; 16:28; I Corinthians 15:24 & 25; II Peter 1:11; Daniel 4:3; 7:27; Revelation 5:13
  • Implications - What questions should the listener be asking?
    • Why does God use individuals to accomplish His purposes?
    • David was God’s chosen individual to be king of Israel, and Jesus was God’s chosen One to be King.  How did God use both to further the kingdom of Israel and establish the kingdom of heaven, respectively? 
    • How is God’s kingdom present, and when will it come in the future?
Talk it Over Discussion Guide 
  • Interpretation - What is the text telling/showing us?
    • How did David “qualify” as the one to be anointed as king of Israel?
    • Why did God choose David?
    • How was David obedient to God?  How was Jesus obedient to God
    • What was David's relationship with God?  What was Jesus' relationship with His Father?
    • How was David treated by his brothers?  How was Jesus treated by His Jewish brethren (at least those in power)?
    • What were the responsibilities of David as king to his people?  What are Jesus' responsibilities as King?
    • What are the characteristics of King David?  How are those characteristics a picture of Jesus as King? 
    • What does it mean that Jesus is King?  What does that mean in your own life?
    • When we see a “picture” of Jesus in the Old Testament, it is not an exact comparison in every detail, as opposed to being a “big picture” sort of thing.  Summarize how David is a picture of Jesus in the “big picture” way.
  • Implementation - What should the listeners response be?
    • What is a general conception of a king (at least in western culture)?
    • How are people in the west (or in other cultures, for that matter) like the people in the time of the Judges of Israel? 
    • The Israelites wanted a king to be like other peoples on earth?  Who was their real king?
    • When Jesus came to earth, He didn't necessarily act like a king.  Yet, how did He show Himself as King nevertheless?
    • How did David shepherd Israel?  How does Jesus shepherd us
    • What is the importance of the fact that Jesus will return as the True King?
Sermon Teaching Notes (as compiled by Pastor Dick Murphy)
  • Investigation - What's generally going on in this area of scripture?
The following is the question we are asking about the Messiah in the Old Testament: Can you see Him? The last studies looked at Noah, Abraham and Isaac, Joseph, Moses, and Boaz. This final study looks at another who is very familiar – David, who is a man who presents us with another picture of Jesus. After the Israelites conquered the promised land, each tribe received a territorial portion and was responsible for finalizing the conquest in its respective portion. The tribes did not accomplish that task, and as a consequence, the Israelites lived with remaining Canaanite peoples in their midst. In the midst of this scenario, the Israelites disobeyed God by worshiping the gods of the peoples around them, and God allowed various people groups to defeat and rule over them (Judges 2:6-15).

When the Israelites eventually cried out to God, He provided a “Judge” to defeat the enemy and bring peace for a period of time. (Judges 2:16-19) The last of these judges was the prophet Samuel (I Samuel 7:15-17). As Samuel reached the end of his years, the people asked him to appoint a king to lead them, and God allowed Samuel to appoint a king with solemn warnings as to how things would be with a king. (I Samuel 8:4-22) So, Saul became the first king as directed by God (I Samuel 9:14-17; 10:1, 17-25; 13:1). Unfortunately, Saul, too, disobeyed God (I Samuel 15:15-23) and as a result, God rejected him as king, and instead chose another to be king. The new king appointed by God turned out to be David, the son of Jesse, who lived in Bethlehem.

David was the youngest of the sons of Jesse, one who was qualified before God because of the state of his heart as opposed to his appearance (I Samuel 16:1-13). At first, David entered into Saul's service as an armor bearer (I Samuel 16:21). David became famous by standing up to Goliath, the champion of the Philistines who was over 9 feet tall, when no other Israelite soldier dared to oppose him (I Samuel 17:24), though David was just a young shepherd with no fighting experience (I Samuel 17:32 & 33). David defeated Goliath (I Samuel 17:45-51), and became an officer in Saul's army (I Samuel 18:5, 13-16), but also became an enemy of Saul because Saul was afraid of David and his popularity with the people (I Samuel 18:28 & 29), to the point that Saul tried to kill David notwithstanding that David was God's anointed (I Samuel 19:1).

David escaped from Saul and hid in the hills and desert (I Samuel 23:14). Although Saul continued to chase David in order to kill him, David did not lift a finger against Saul even though he had chances to do so (I Samuel 24:3-15; 26:7-11, 23 & 24). In the midst of that, Saul even confirmed the reality that the kingdom of Israel would be established in David's hands (I Samuel 24:20). In due course, Saul ended his own life (I Samuel 31:3-6), after which David was anointed king over the house of Judah (II Samuel 2:1-4), and eventually won over the people of Israel (II Samuel 3:1, 12, 17-21, 36 & 37) and became king over the entire nation (II Samuel 5:1-5), conquering the city of Jerusalem and making it the capital. He called it the City of David (II Samuel 5:9-12), and to his city, he returned the ark of the covenant (II Samuel 6:1-19).

Once David was fully on the throne as king over Israel, God promised that He would establish his house, his kingdom, and his throne forever (II Samuel 7:12-16). The life of David the king make for a wonderful study beyond the scope of this particular lesson. Suffice it to say, however, that David was not the perfect father, did not obey God assiduously, and suffered many severe disappointments and trials, not least of which was the conspiracy of his own son, Absalom, to become king in his stead, a course of action which led to civil war and Absalom's death (II Samuel 18:6-33.

But in everything, David was a man after God's own heart (cf. I Samuel 14:14; 16:7b), and at the very end of his life, charged his son, Solomon, to “observe what the Lord requires” and to walk in God's way and be faithful so that God's promise to David for a throne forever would come to pass (I Kings 2:1-4). Chapter 1 of Matthew's gospel starts out with the truth that Jesus is of the royal lineage of David (Matthew 1:1, 6, 16), and is therefore the fulfillment of the promise to David, the king and ruler of Israel. Indeed, the gospel writer, Matthew, is at pains in the entire gospel to show that Jesus is the king (Matthew 2:5 & 6) and came to set up His kingdom (cf. Matthew 5:1-7:27; 12:8; 16:16-19, 27 & 28; 21:4 & 5; 22:41-45; 24:30; 25:31; 26:64; 27:11 & 12, 37).

The Jewish people had been waiting for th Messiah-King for centuries … for the One who was foretold by the Prophets, though there had been no prophet for over 400 yearws. But now, Jesus was about to be born, and the angel's announcement to Mary was that Jesus would be given the throne of His father, David, and would reign over a kingdom that will have no end (Luke 1:30- 33). So, Hjesus was born, and entered into ministry at around age 30. Jesus spoke of the kingdom of God over and over during His ministry on earth (e.g., John 18:36), and even did so after His resurrection (Acts 1:3). The Apostles spoke the same truth on the day of Pentecost after the Holy Spirit came (Acts 2:29-36).

The Apostle Paul also wrote of Jesus as King (I Corinthians 15:23-28; Philippians 2:5-11). And Jesus Himself revealed to the Apostle John what is to come, which revelation John wrote in the book we now call “Revelation.” In that vision, Jesus showed Himself to John as the risen Savior King in heaven (Revelation 1:5, 8, 12- 18), forever the ruler, the fulfillment of the promise to David of the king of a forever kingdom (Revelation 5:12-14; 7:12-16; 19:11-16; 22:3). Can you see Jesus in the story of David? There are a number of pictures of Jesus. There is the picture of a man born in Bethlehem (I Samuel 17:12), just as Jesus was born in Bethlehem (Luke 2:4-7). There is a picture of a man who was a shepherd (I Samuel 16:11; 17:15), just as Jesus is the good shepherd (John 10:11-18). There is a picture of a man whose kingship was divinely ordained (I Samuel 16:12 & 13; II Samuel 5:3), just as Jesus was ordained from eternity to be King (Psalm 24:7-10). There is a picture of a man was in exile before his rule was established ((I Samuel 22:1 & 2; 23:13 & 14), just as Jesus is away from the earth now before his rule is established (Philippians 2:9-11; Revelation 11:15; 19:11-16). There is a picture of a man sent by his father to minister to his brethren (I Samuel 17:17 & 18), just as Jesus was sent by His Father to minister to God's people (I John 4:14). There is a picture of a man rejected by his brethren (I Samuel 17:8), just as Jesus was rejected by Israel (John 1:11; Jesus brought about the salvation of all those who call on Him as Savior and Lord.

But He also brought the kingdom of God to earth. That kingdom is established, and He is the King whom we serve. Those in His kingdom are not only subject to Him, but are to live under the principles of His kingdom (see, e.g., Matthew 5:1-7:27), and as ambassadors of that kingdom (Philippians 3:20 & 21). David was a human being, who lived an imperfect life, but who was king over God's people by God's design. Through David's obedience, a royal lineage and eternal throne was established, and Jesus is that Davidic king who now reigns forever in heaven and who will return to earth to set up His kingdom on earth (Revelation 20:4) and will reign forever (Revelation 21:22-27; 22:5). King David is the forerunner of King Jesus. Can you see Him? Yes indeed, He is there!